The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for ones teeth. These structures are referred to as the periodontium. When the peridontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulling away from the teeth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these signs may mean something is wrong. With proper care, however, it may be possible to return them to a healthy state. Non-surgical treatment for periodontal disease involves scaling and root plaining. This is often referred to as a “deep cleaning”. If gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated through surgery or extraction. Left untreated periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss.