TMJ is an abbreviation for temporal-mandibular joint. Problems in this joint may be caused by misalignment of the teeth, trauma, or excess muscle tension due to clenching and grinding of the teeth. Some of the problems associated with this joint can include: headaches, earaches, trouble/soreness in opening and closing the mouth, clicking or popping of the jaw, pain in the jaw muscles, and soreness in the area.
Dental treatments for this condition can include replacing missing teeth, moving teeth, adjusting the bite, and filling gaps between teeth. There is no one solution that is right for all cases. Sometimes a custom mouthpiece is used to prevent clenching and grinding that may contribute to the problems. If untreated and taken to extremes, surgery may be required to repair a badly damaged joint.